Before you begin: Get to know the satirical essay topics
You need to begin with the topic. A deep understanding of the topic you are satirizing is essential in order to write great satire. You should start by doing extensive research on your topic. Make sure you are familiar with all aspects of the topic. To satirise an issue, it is important to learn about all perspectives and the details. If your target is someone, you'll need to be able to read and understand the views of that person as well as how others perceive them. You must be an expert on the subject matter you wish to satirize. You can do this by reading high-quality materials, such as newspapers and magazines, and, if applicable, in academic journals.
Once you feel comfortable with the topic you can create an outline. A satire works best when it is written as if you were writing an essay. You can then add jokes to your satire, to make it seem less serious. The reader should also understand that the "conclusion", or the end of the satire, is not what they should be thinking.
You might frame an essay on how great cats and dogs are, but use humor and exaggeration to show the truth.
Make use of hyperbole
You will use hyperbole to encourage the reader to consider your points. Hyperbole does not mean lying. Hyperbole refers to the intentional exaggeration or distortion of facts in order to make a joke. You might, for example, joke about the Academy Awards ceremony running longer than it is scheduled. This could be interpreted as: "Producers have added a second week of telecast to accommodate categories like "Best Lack Of Makeup in a Period Drama"." Nobody would understand this because everyone knows that the broadcast doesn't last a week.
Irony is the most powerful tool of the satirist's arsenal. Irony uses irony to show the opposite of what one means or reverses expectations to make a point. Ironic language, when used with sarcasm and paired with it, can be devastatingly effective in punctuating an exaggerated ego or pointing out hypocrisy. Sarcasm and irony are a common tool in spoken comedy, especially televised satire. It is easier to use them in this format, as tone of voice has a lot to do with distinguishing humorous from literal statements. Irony and sarcasm should not be used in writing. Your audience will know that you are sarcastic. They might interpret your words literally, which could lead to them misunderstanding your point. Avoid using too much sarcasm in your satirical essays.
Seek professional assistance
Many writers struggle to come up with satire. Late-night comedy shows draw only a few talented satirical writers. If you're having trouble writing great satire you might want to hire someone to do it for you.