A balanced diet requires the presence of proteins. However, they must be consumed properly so that they do not harm the body. Many are the nutrients that we must consume for our body to function correctly. Now, it is important to know what the appropriate amount of protein in the diet is. Discover in this article how you should include the protein in your daily menus. This will improve your health, your quality of life and your weight.

The need for protein in the diet

For starters, the protein can help us form, regenerate and maintain all the tissues that make up the body. Acts at the level of the tendons, muscles, organs and even the skin itself. In that sense, Andrew J. Nightingale, Ph.D in bioinformatics and biochemistry of the EMBL-EBI, member of the Universal Protein Repository (UniProt, for its acronym in English), said that humans "are made of proteins." Similarly, he explained that this element is necessary for communication between cells. Finally, also for its regulation and difference.

What are proteins?

Proteins are macromolecules that are composed primarily of essential amino acids. Human beings do not produce them, but they are obtained through a diet. These are:

·        Phenylalanine

·        Isoleucine

·        Leucine

·        Lysine

·        Methionine

·        Threonine

·        Tryptophan.

·        Valina

·        Histidine

The majority is found entirely in products of animal origin such as milk, meat, poultry, eggs and fish. On the other hand, products of vegetable origin in general have an incomplete protein load. That is, they do not possess the nine amino acids necessary for the individual. Because of this, people who maintain a vegan diet should make sure to consume enough protein in their diet. They must eat varied vegetables that complement each other and are able to offer all the nutrients that the body needs.

What is the right amount of protein in the diet?

According to WHO

The calculation that defines the amount of protein in the diet has a proportional relationship with our body mass. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the right amount of protein will vary according to sex and age.

·        However, they establish a general recommendation that says: "A person of 16 to 18 years old needs 0.90 grams of protein per kilogram. And in one in adulthood, from 18 years, only 0.75 grams ".

·        However, when it comes to an individual who maintains a routine of constant exercise or practice a sport, specialists recommend that consume 2.5 grams of calories per 1.8 kilogram.

Health benefits

This will help you increase your muscle mass, improve your performance and speed up your recovery process. In addition, the consumption of proteins can also favor the search for the ideal weight. According to research from the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands, "protein in a diet is ideal in the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome." This allows people to burn body fat quickly and increases the feeling of fullness. Similarly, the University of Missouri, United States, developed a study in which concluded: "Breakfast with high protein content prevent the increase of body fat and stabilize glucose levels in overweight adolescents."

Healthy foods rich in proteins

Animal origin

·        Fish: especially white and blue fish such as salmon or tuna. It contains between 11 to 22 gr of protein.

·        Beef meat: it is a juicy, fat-free meat that contains approximately 22 grams of protein per 100 grams of meat.

·        Chicken: also known as white meat represents 23 grams of protein per 100 grams of chicken.

·        Egg: this food contains an approximate 7.5 gr of protein, which is concentrated mainly in the clear. The yolk, on the contrary, is composed mostly of fat.

·        Milk: dairy products generally contain a high degree of protein. For example, concentrated milk 32 gr in 1 liter.

Vegetable origin

·        Beans: in a bowl of beans you can concentrate up to 7 gr of protein. In addition, specialists recommend consuming it because of its high fiber content.

·        Nuts: aside from the fact that they provide a high percentage of fibers, with only an ounce of nuts we can obtain 7 g of protein.

·        Vegetables: a cup of varied vegetables is able to provide between 2 and 6 g of protein.

These foods should be incorporated into a balanced diet, which includes the rest of the basic nutrients. In addition, it is recommended to supplement the diet with a good exercise routine that accelerates the burning of fats and promotes the formation of muscles.

Risks of consuming excess proteins

The excessive consumption of proteins can generate harmful effects for health. This is stated by the specialist Kristi Wempen, a dietitian at the Mayo Clinic. In that sense, he explains that when the body meets its needs it cannot store proteins. On the contrary, the excess amounts transform them into fat. In addition, this can lead to increased lipids or insulin in the blood. Should this occur, it would result in major diseases such as diabetes, problems in the heart system and kidney damage.

Therefore, it is recommended not to consume more than 3 grams of protein per kilo. There are only 2 grams that the body uses to repair tissues, build muscles and improve performance. However, the best thing you can do is consult a specialist. According to the characteristics of your body, it will tell you what the indicated amount of protein in a diet should be for you.



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